Seventeenth Century Glass 1 2 3
The seventeenth century was not a period of great innovation in the field of shapes. Previously, pincers had been used to apply wings to the stems of glasses, and bowls had been of complex forms. The goblets of that era had been destined for a wealthy and aristocratic society whose principle drink was wine, whereas northern Europe was to supply much of its glass to a stratum of society whose staple drink was beer, and the vessels from which this was drunk were generally very plain. One type, made since medieval times, was the Roemer, a large bowl on a hollow prunted stem, but most of them, called Humpen. were large, simple cylinders up to 60 cm (2ft) high set on conical or kick bases which were reinforced round the edge with a trailed band. Many Humpen were made with lids, slightly domed and with knop finials, but, as with most engraved goblets made with covers, nearly all today have lost them. Enamelled Humpen were first made in the mid-sixteenth century. Though the earliest recorded pieces for German clients were probably made in Venice, there is a significant number of dated examples of German or Bohemian manufacture from the latter half of the century.
Glass Information from The History of Glass by Dan Klein and Ward LLoyd